From its inception, the economy of Cairo has been based in governmental functions, commerce, trade and industrial production. Large-scale modern industrialization has built up the textile industry since the 1920s, which uses the famous Egyptian cotton as the staple ingredient. Food processing is another big industry, whereby canning and freezing the wide variety of fruits and vegetables grown in the fertile Nile Delta has grown to a consistently successful sector. Processing tobacco and sugarcane grown in Upper Egypt remains a hopping business, too. In addition to the production of iron and steel, Egypt also produces some of its own end products such as cars and refrigerators.
Finally, not to be overlooked is the ever-growing tourism industry, for which it is likely Egypt and her mysteries will remain prominent on the global stage.