Botany

Plants with detailed descriptions and tips for potting, growing – plant and gardening information.

Algae: What are the uses and the useful substances?

Algae – Whole plant – food!160 species of algae (Simpson) are used for food most coming from 3 genera (Porphyra, Laminaria, Undaria). Up to 75% of their dry bulk is indigestible. Kelps (Kombu) vegetables in Japan and China Porphyra (nori) north Pacific. Nori – Japan since AD 533- 544; cultivation since 1623-49; when Japanese fishermen found bamboos pieces with it growing on them, and planted …

The Constituents of Medicinal Plants

An Introduction to the Chemistry and Therapeutics of Medicinal Plants by¬†Andrew Pengelly Andrew Pengelly has produced a neat little book on the Constituents of Medicinal Plants. This publication fills a niche, because with the possible exception of Terry Willard’s Textbook of Advanced Herbology, (actually not that Advanced) there is nothing else available specifically on this subject at an introductory level. Excellent text books such as …

Top public gardens with Native Plants in Washington D.C.

US National Arboretum 3501 New York Avenue N.E. Washington D.C. (202) 245-2726 The National Arboretum is home to many wonderful trees and plants, and contains an extensive collection of trees, ferns, spring ephemerals, and wildflowers at “Fern Valley”, a naturalized stream garden. Plants are best viewed in the early spring when spring bulbs are blooming. This is an excellent place to view trees and plants …

The important algae of the world by country

Africa Spirulina Australia Durvillaea Canada Kelp Chile Durvillaea China Anaebaena-Azolla symbiosis, Laminaria – kombu, Porphyra (nori), Undaria – qundai-cai Denmark Furcillaria fastigiata Fiji Gracilaria (Lumicevata), Hypnea (Lumiwawa), Caulerpa racemosa (Nama), Codium geppii (Sagati) Ireland Gelidium latifolium, Gelidium pulchellum, Porphyra, Chondrus Japan Gelidium amansii, Laminaria – kombu, Porphyra (nori), Undaria – wakame Korea Porphyra (nori) Mexico Spirulina New Zealand Gigartina clavifera, Gigartina. undulata, Porphyra – karengo …

The Herbal Menopause Book

Oh dear… a book by a female herbalist written for womyn about womyn’s stuff. Anything a guy says may be regarded prima facie as partially or wholly suspect; but the author kindly submitted a copy to the Herbal Bookworm for review – so, somewhat daunted the Bookworm rises to the challenge…. The two outstanding features of this book are, firstly, the quite special way in …

HERBS FOR KIDS

Phytotherapy in Paediatrics by Heinz Schilcher Natural Healing for babies and Children by Aviva Jill Romm Encyclopedia of Natural Healing for Children and Infants by Mary Bove There are (at least) two things going on here. One is quite simply information about how herbs can be used in children’s healthcare. But when taken together these books pose a question that Bookworm readers may find more …

Constitutional Physiology for Herbalists

Principles and Practice of Constitutional Physiology for Herbalists by Michael Moore Herbalism is currently playing curate’s egg for the publishing industry, as hardly a week goes by without yet another new book on herbs or herbalism appearing on the burgeoning shelves of complementary medicine texts. Unfortunately, the majority of recently published popular volumes on the subject are drearily predictable, generally bereft of academic rigour, and …

The Information Sourcebook of Herbal Medicine

This book by one of the best known and liked authors and educators in western herbalism today is a cornucopia of information that every herbalist as well as interested lay persons should have on their shelf. However, it is more than a mere compilation of sources. David Hoffmann has a progressive outlook, and justifies his book to the reader on several grounds. Hoffmann argues that …

Algae: Commercial products that use it

Naming of any commercially available product is not an endorsement of that product. Kelps (Kombu) vegetables in Japan and China Porphyra (nori) north Pacific. Cultivated for centuries in Japan, Korea and China. Value $1 billion per year. Porphyra toasted and used to wrap sushi Ulva eaten as a green vegetable Alginates – fruit drinks, salad dressing, ice creams, sherbets, cheeses, textile, cosmetic, pharmaceutical, paper and …

Algae: Cultivation, Harvest and Improvement

Porphyra: Mastery of Porphyra life history led to selection at the gametophyte stage, followed by inducing spore release from mature fronds of high quality material by lowering temperature, increasing light levels or lengthening daylight hours. Spores germinate a bore into shells which are them used as “seeding” nets. Suspend nets in water from poles with bags of shells attached. Then poles placed horizontally at a …

Algae: What properties are exploited?

Indigestibility: Many kelps are largely indigestible. Inert material for delivery of medicinals. Inertness: Diatom fossils used embalming compounds, enamel polishes. Diatomaceous bricks ordered by Emperor Justinian to build the dome of the church of Hagia Sophia in Istanbul in AD 532. Reduces glossiness in paint. Adsorption: Diatom fossils (Bacillariophyceae Limestone – diatomaceous earth) used to filter sugar cane liquors since 1914; to filter sewage in …

People’s use of algae

What are algae? Algae are a photosynthetically diverse group of organisms, including the cyanobacteria (previously called blue-green algae), ranging in size from bacteria (0.2-2 microns) to giant kelps (tens of metres). They are nearly all aquatic. They are classified in two Kingdoms. Red and green algae are included in the Kingdom Plantae, the Brown algae and the Diatoms are in the Kingdom Chromista. The Cyanobacteria …