Life and Nature ~ Page 11 din 11

The Gilboa Forest

Flash floods are hardly unheard of in the Catskills. Our mountains commonly stand in the way of weather patterns, forcing rising air masses to generate sudden thunderstorms. A heavy downpour, in the upper, narrower valleys of the higher Catskills, can quickly overwhelm the drainage system and raise the levels of the streams. Schoharie Creek has had as occasional flash flood in its upper reaches which …

Ellen Gordon Allen – The Living Art Of Ikebana

Ikebana is an ancient art of arranging flowers or beauty expressed in arranging materials which may include branches, fruit, vegetables, rocks, shells, weathered wood, etc. The art is believed to have begun in 810 AD in China with the custom of making floral offerings to Buddha. Buddhism came to Japan from China via Korea early in the 6th century. A priest by the name of …

Bee Control: Simple swarm control

A simple method of swarm control & queen rearing This is yet another variation on the artificial swarming technique; it has the advantage over other methods of requiring no attention after the initial manipulation and is therefore suitable for an out apiary, or for a beekeeper who wishes to take a prolonged holiday during the swarming season. It also provides an additional young queen that …

Bee Culture: The Causes of Bad Temper in Bees

The principle sub-species of European honeybees all have the reputation for gentleness and ease of handling, possibly because they have been selectively bred for these characteristics for generations in the countries of their origin. The Italian bee, which is the foreign bee most commonly met with in these islands, is usually found to be so, but many beekeepers who have introduced Italian bees into areas …

Bee Culture: Heather Honey

What is Heather ? Heathers are small evergreen shrubs that grow well in acid soil and are common throughout Europe. You can commonly find them on poor soils, heathland, moors and in mountainous areas. In our area the main types of Heather Honey are : Bell Heather # ( ERICACEA Erica cinerea )— which flowers during July/August and can be extracted centrifugally, in the normal …

Varroosis: a parasitic infestation of honey bees

What is Varroosis ? The infestation of honey bee colonies by the parasitic mite Varroa jacobsoni is known as varroosis (pronounced varro-osis. This mite, generally referred to simply as varroa, is specific to honey bees. the natural host of varroa is the Asian honey bee, Apis cerana , which has its own natural defences against the mite. Through movement of colonies, varroa has spread to …

Bee Culture: Pneumatic Equipment: The Good and The Bad

Pneumatic staplers are reported to be four to five times faster than hand nailing and due to various adhesive materials coating the fasteners, pneumatic fasteners should provide considerably more holding power. In reality, when assembling frames, I have p ersonally found air staplers to be about 2-1/2 times as fast as hand nailing. An added benefit is that I donĂ­t tire as quickly when using …

Bee Culture: Frame Components

The Top Bar The top bar can be either thick ( 3/4″ ) or thin (3/8″ ). All manufactured top bars are 18-7/8″ to 19″ long and are 1-1/16″ wide. Though still usable, the variation in length is just enough to cause a bit of confusion if equipment from diffe rent manufacturers is mixed. Thin top bars are used for comb honey production and may …

Bee Culture: The mysterious case of the disappearing queen

What an apt name for the perceived leader of the honey bee colony – the queen. Just like human royalty, the queen gets credit for all that’s good in the hive but also gets blamed for all that’s bad. But this past spring season has been one of the worst ever for blaming queens. While most beekeepers are totally happy with the development of their …

Bee Culture: Chalkbrood

Chalkbrood, a fungus disease attacking honey bee larvae, has been in the U.S. since the mid- to late 1960s. During its 30 or so year stay it has caused problems ranging from barely noticeable to major epidemics in some areas, in some years. This year bordered on the epidemic in many areas, especially the northern two-thirds of the country. Like most fungi, chalkbrood produces spores …