Frostbite – how to treat

Frostbite is caused by long exposure to cold, which freezes the skin and damages its underlying tissue. What to look for in case of frostbite: Numb, cold skin; Skin that turns blue, white or looks blackened and becomes hard, waxy and frozen; Loss of function in the frozen area. If you believe you or someone you’re with has suffered frostbite, call 911 or go to …

Frequently Asked Questions About Breast Cancer

What can I do to protect myself from breast cancer? There are several ways women can help reduce their risk of breast cancer, but doctors emphasize there are no guarantees. Studies have shown, however, that women whose diets are rich in fruits, vegetables and soy products, and low in fats are less likely to develop breast cancer than those whose diets do not include an …

Eye and Vision Problems: How to Prevent Cataracts

Taking an active role in protecting your eyes is the best way to prevent cataracts from forming. Follow these guidelines: Buy sunglasses that shield your eyes from the ultraviolet A (UVA) and ultraviolet B (UVB) rays in sunlight. Sunglasses that block out UVA and UVB light are labeled as “fulfilling the American National Standards Institute requirement.” The label should also say that they “eliminate 99 …

Emotional Effects on You, Your Family and Friends

Anxiety and sadness are natural reactions to a diagnosis of a chronic disease with an uncertain outcome. Learning more about the disease will bring you a measure of control over the situation, help you develop a more positive attitude and alleviate the helplessness that leads to emotional distress. Moreover, depression is common in the course of lupus. Doctors are often not sure whether the disease, …

Ear Infections: Prevention and Intervention

Having an ear infection at any age is a very unpleasant experience. For infants and young children, it can be extremely painful. Preventive Measures Remove irritants and allergy-causing agents from your home — dust, cleaning fluids and tobacco smoke. If you or your child is susceptible to food allergies, cut back on wheat products, corn products or specific food that may cause allergic reactions. Pay …

Diagnosing Prostate Cancer

The detection of prostate cancer has been revolutionized by the prostate specific antigen (PSA) test. This test has enabled doctors to detect prostate cancer at a very early stage, even before symptoms occur. The prostate specific antigen is a small protein molecule produced by the glands of the prostate that normally joins the seminal fluid. In men without prostate cancer, this antigen cannot be detected …

Dealing With Earwax

Infants and children who have earwax buildup should be taken to a doctor. Adults can try the following remedies: Add one teaspoon of hydrogen peroxide to an equal amount of warm water, then: Tilt your head, and put a dropperful of the warmed liquid into your blocked ear. Leave it there for three minutes, keeping your head tilted. Let the liquid run out onto a …

Dealing With a Migraine Headache

Though you may never have experienced a migraine headache, it’s likely you have heard from others about the terrible pain and discomfort they cause. If you become oversensitive to light and sound, you may have a migraine. Migraine Headache Symptoms extreme throbbing pain, often starting on one side of the head nausea and vomiting visual disturbances sensitivity to light and noise dizziness Treating a Migraine …

Colic Prevention and Intervention

In some instances, when the baby’s colic is related to gas pains caused by the nursing mother’s diet or the formula, colic may be prevented. Try the following preventive measures: If you are nursing, make note of whether your baby is colicky after you eat certain foods, so that you can avoid them. Foods that frequently cause the problem include cabbage, onions, garlic, broccoli and …

Chubby Pets

People aren’t the only ones who have weight problems. Nearly 50 percent of all dogs and 25 percent of all cats are overweight. Extra pounds can put your pet at risk for heart disease, liver problems, arthritis and diabetes. In some cases, you may be feeding your pets too much, or giving them too many table scraps. In other cases, your pets may not be …

Cataract Treatments

A cataract is a clouding of the normally clear lens of the eye which can obscure vision just as steam fogs a window. Cataracts usually develop slowly and may not be noticed until vision loss begins to interfere with the tasks of daily living. The only accepted treatment for cataracts is surgery, where the entire lens of the eye is removed. Usually it is replaced …

Causes of Lupus

No one can say with certainty what causes the immune system to turn on the body’s organ systems, but there are strong clues that define the direction of research. Researchers currently believe that a number of factors are involved: genetic, hormonal and environmental. Genetic: Evidence shows that genetic factors play a major part in the development of lupus, which tends to run in families. People …